University of Tokyo
Taniguchi is Professor Emeritus of The University of Tokyo and Advisor to the Office of President, working at the Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology of the University. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Zurich. His work principally concerns the mechanisms of signal transduction and gene expression that underlie immunity and oncogenesis. Many of his research projects have stemmed from his original discovery of two cytokine genes, interferon-beta and interleukin-2. These discoveries have laid the groundwork for the molecular characterization of the various systems of cytokines as well as therapeutic advances achieved by the administration of cytokines. One extension of this research was his discovery of a new family of transcription factors, the interferon regulatory factors (IRFs), which play integral roles in the regulation of the immunity, inflammation and cancer. He has received numerous awards, including the Robert Koch Prize, Pezcoller-AACR International Award for Cancer Research, and was bestowed the Person of Cultural Merit award from the Government of Japan. He was also elected Foreign Associate Member of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, in 2003, International Member of the National Academy of Medicine in 2016 and Associate Member of EMBO in 2018.